DONG Energy the right to build three offshore wind projects in the German North Sea. DONG Energy submitted six projects in the bid and won with the following three projects which have a total capacity of 590 MW:
The three projects are planned to be commissioned in 2024, subject to Final Investment Decision by DONG Energy in 2021.
“We’re pleased with being awarded three projects in the first of two German auction rounds, and we have good opportunities to add further capacity to our winning projects in next year’s German auction,” said Samuel Leupold, Executive VP and CEO of Wind Power at DONG Energy. “[These] results contribute to our ambition of driving profitable growth by adding approximately 5 GW of additional capacity by 2025.”
For two of the projects – OWP West and Borkum Riffgrund West 2 – DONG Energy made bids at zero EUR per MWh (meaning these projects will not receive a subsidy on top of the wholesale electricity price). The Gode Wind 3 project was awarded based on a bid price of EUR 60 per MWh.
“The zero subsidy bid is a breakthrough for the cost competitiveness of offshore wind, and it demonstrates the technology’s massive global growth potential as a cornerstone in the economically viable shift to green energy systems,” he continued. “Cheaper clean energy will benefit governments and consumers – and not least help meet the Paris COP21 targets to fight climate change.”
Leupold said that the zero bid is enabled by a number of circumstances in this auction. “Most notably, the realization window is extended to 2024. This allows developers to apply the next generation turbine technology, which will support a major step down in costs. Also, the bid reflects the fact that grid connection is not included.”
Some of the cost-drivers enabling the zero subsidy bid:
• Platform change: Significantly bigger turbines – probably 13-15MW – will be on the market by 2024. With bigger turbines, the developer can increase electricity production while at the same time reduce the number of turbine positions. This contributes significantly to cost reductions during construction (fewer towers and array cables, and lower costs for installation vessels and manpower) as well as during a lifetime of operations and maintenance.
• Scale: OWP West and Borkum Riffgrund West 2 will be combined into one large-scale project with the option of adding additional volume in next year’s auction to further increase the total size of the project.
• Location: The projects benefit from average wind speeds of more than 10 m/s, which is among the highest wind speeds measured across DONG Energy’s portfolio of wind farms. Also, the projects are located next to DONG Energy’s Borkum Riffgrund 1&2 which means that operations and maintenance can be done from DONG Energy’s existing O&M hub in Norddeich.
• Extended lifetime: The German authorities have approved the possibility to extend the operational lifetime of the asset from 25 to 30 years.
• Not full scope: Developers were not bidding for the grid connection in the German auction, which means that grid connection is not included in the bid price.
The above drivers deliver a cost-of-electricity below our forecasted wholesale power price and will allow us to create value and meet our return requirements at the expected market prices without subsidies. Compared to German power-price forecasts available from leading research firms, we consider our price forecast to be relatively conservative. We have applied a higher cost-of-capital than in previous projects to reflect the potential increase in market price exposure.
The cost reductions required for a German project without subsidies are fully feasible, both technically and commercially. DONG Energy will monitor the key factors which will determine long-term power prices in Germany. These factors include the impact of EU actions to reinvigorate the European carbon trading scheme; the phase-out of conventional and nuclear capacity; the future role of coal in Europe; and the build-out of onshore transmission grids.
“Financial discipline is key to us. We are of course reflecting the project’s exposure to market risk in the cost of capital applied. We see a solid value creation potential in this German project portfolio and will now begin to further mature the projects towards a Final Investment Decision (FID) in 2021,” said Leupold.