The size of the wind turbine you need depends on your application. Small turbines range in size from 20 watts to 100 kilowatts (kW). The smaller or “micro” (20- to 500-watt) turbines are used in a variety of applications such as charging batteries for recreational vehicles and sailboats.
1 kilowatt to 10 kilowatt turbines can be used in applications such as pumping water. Wind energy has been used for centuries to pump water and grind grain. Although mechanical windmills still provide a sensible, low-cost option for pumping water in low-wind areas, farmers and ranchers are finding that wind-electric pumping is a little more versatile and they can pump twice the volume for the same initial investment. In addition, mechanical windmills must be placed directly above the well, which may not take the best advantage of available wind resources. Wind-electric pumping systems can be placed where the wind resource is the best and connected to the pump motor with an electric cable.
Turbines used in residential applications can range in size from 400 watts to 100 kilowatts (100 kW for very large loads), depending on the amount of electricity you need to generate. For residential applications, you should establish an energy budget to help define the turbine size you will need. Because energy efficiency is usually less expensive than energy production, making your house more energy efficient first will probably be more cost effective and will reduce the size of the wind turbine you need. Wind turbine manufacturers can help you size your system based on your electricity needs and the specifics of local wind patterns.
A typical home uses approximately 10,000 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity per year (about 830 kWh per month). Depending on the average wind speed in the area, a wind turbine rated in the range of 5 to 15 kilowatts would be required to make a significant contribution to this demand. A 1.5 kilowatt wind turbine will meet the needs of a home requiring 300 kWh per month in a location with a 14-mile-per-hour (6.26-meters-per-second) annual average wind speed. The manufacturer can provide you with the expected annual energy output of the turbine as a function of annual average wind speed. The manufacturer will also provide information on the maximum wind speed at which the turbine is designed to operate safely. Most turbines have automatic overspeed-governing systems to keep the rotor from spinning out of control in very high winds. This information, along with your local wind speed and your energy budget, will help you decide which size turbine will best meet your electricity needs.
Filed Under: Construction, Projects
Peter Olsen says
1500W wind turbine produces an average of 100Wh for 5ms.
100Wh x 24h x 30d x 12m = 864 000Wh = 864kWh.
1883kWh / 864kWh = 2,179. You need 3 wind turbines.
Jeffrey Sparks says
Basically I am building a shop and a shed and a barn roughly 10,000 ft.² the shop will be about 2000 ft.² and the barn will be roughly 8000 ft.² but it will have heated floors. Plus the 2500 square-foot house plus garage which I want the floors to be heated. And 1000 square-foot mother-in-law house with a one car garage heated so I’m trying to figure out what size of a wind meal I would need the power of what’s up the cost and the cost roughly of the foundation. I would just kind of would like some kind of estimate to see where I’m getting at. And then I would like to put some gazebos up on the southside with solar panels. So I’m just trying to figure out what it this would roughly cost me. I have a well cost of 10,000. I wanted to roughly get what this would be. Because I’m going to also need to power well. I would like to actually get a well house where I could store 1000 gallons of waterWith heated walls and a heated floor
Munir Mukhtar Mohammed says
I have seen the explanation on sizing the wind turbine for residential purpose very useful and yet I need more detailed elaboration on finding number of wind turbine to be used, for instance, if annual energy consumption is 1883kwh, rated power 1500w, velocity 5m/s, rotor diameter 1.7m. How many wind turbines are required to sustain the energy supply.