Editor’s note: The U.S. Department of Energy recently commissioned the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) to perform an Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (ERGIS), and the results are in. This scenario-based study was conducted on four wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) potential futures and predicted the associated operational impacts on the Eastern Interconnection. The Interconnection covers two-thirds of the U.S. and is one of the most complicated systems in the world. Watch the video here. Read the summary below.
Using high-performance computing capabilities and innovative visualization tools, NREL shows the power grid of the Eastern United States — one of the largest power systems in the world — can accommodate upwards of 30% wind and solar PV power.
By using advanced modeling and computing techniques — enabled by the high-performance computing center in NREL’s Energy Systems Integration Facility — the project team was able to discard several simplifying assumptions about power system operations and increase the resolution of the analysis in several key ways.
The ERGIS project:
- Expands the range of resources analyzed by simulating large-scale adoption of PV in addition to wind in the U.S. Eastern Interconnection
- Increases the temporal resolution to 5 minutes, the same real-time interval used by grid operators for scheduling resources
- Increases the spatial resolution of the model to include all synchronous components of the Eastern Interconnection and Quebec Interconnection on a comparable basis.
What the NREL learned from the study…
- The operation of traditional power sources (such as coal, natural gas, and hydro) changes — turning up or down more quickly to accommodate seasonal and daily variations of wind and PV. In addition, traditional generators would likely operate for shorter periods of time as wind and solar resources meet more of the demand for electricity.
- Flows of power across the Eastern Interconnection change more rapidly and more frequently. Meeting 30% targets under the study assumptions sometimes requires coordinating operations from Montreal to Miami and as far west as New Mexico.
- Regulatory policy changes, market design innovation, and flexible operating procedures are critical to achieving technical potential. ERGIS shows that the power system can meet loads with variable resources like wind and PV in a variety of extreme conditions. However, achieving the technically feasible depends on incentives for transmission and generation operators to provide the necessary ramping, energy, and capacity services.
To learn more about the advanced modeling and computing techniques, read Time Domain Partitioning of Electricity Production Cost Simulations.
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